A 70 ka record of explosive eruptions from the TALDICE ice core (Talos Dome, East Antarctic plateau)

Biancamaria Narcisi, Jean Robert Petit, Jérôme Chappellaz

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Abstract

The new Antarctic TALDICE ice core (72° 49' S, 159° 11' E, 1620 m depth), containing abundant primary tephras, provides the opportunity to elucidate the late Quaternary volcanic history of the south polar region, as well as to broaden the East Antarctic tephrostratigraphic framework. Here grain size and glass compositional data for representative tephra layers from the last 70 ka core section are used for source identification. Results point to origin of layers from centres of the Melbourne Volcanic Province (McMurdo Volcanic Group), located ~250 km from the coring site. Occurrence of tephra layers within the ice core record suggests that explosive activity in the identified source was not constant over the considered period, with a minimum of activity between 20 and 35 ka, and increased activity back to 65 ka. In addition to palaeovolcanic implications, the TALDICE tephra layers offer prospects for firm correlations between diverse widely separated palaeoarchives and for accurate dating of the Antarctic climatic record. Copyright © 2010 John Wiley & Sons, Ltd.
Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)844 - 849
Number of pages6
JournalJournal of Quaternary Science
Volume25
Issue number6
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - Sep 2010
Externally publishedYes

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All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes

  • Arts and Humanities (miscellaneous)
  • Earth and Planetary Sciences (miscellaneous)
  • Palaeontology

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