A comparison of single and double pulse laser-induced breakdown spectroscopy of aluminum samples

F. Colao, V. Lazic, R. Fantoni, S. Pershin

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Abstract

Single and double pulse laser-induced breakdown spectroscopy (LIBS) was carried out on aluminum samples in air. In the case of double pulse excitation, experiments were conducted by using the same laser source operated at the same wavelength (1064 nm in most cases here presented). A lowering of the second pulse plasma threshold was observed, together with an overall enhancement in line emission for the investigated time delay between the two pulses (40-60 μs). The laser-induced plasma originated by a single and double pulse was investigated near ignition threshold with the aim to study possible dynamical mechanisms in different regimes. Currently available spectroscopic diagnostics of plasma, such as the line broadening and shift due Stark effects, have been used in the characterization in order to retrieve electron densities, while standard temperature measurements were based on Boltzmann plot. Plasma relevant parameters, such as temperature and electron density, have been measured in the plasma decay on a long time scale, and compared with crater shape (diameter and inferred volume). The comparison of double with single pulse laser excitation was carried out while keeping constant the energy per pulse; the influence of laser energy was investigated as well. Results here obtained suggest that use of the double pulse technique could significantly improve the analytical capabilities of LIBS technique in routine laboratory experiments. © 2002 Elsevier Science B.V. All rights reserved.
Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)1167 - 1179
Number of pages13
JournalSpectrochimica Acta, Part B: Atomic Spectroscopy
Volume57
Issue number7
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 31 Jul 2002
Externally publishedYes

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All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes

  • Analytical Chemistry
  • Atomic and Molecular Physics, and Optics
  • Instrumentation
  • Spectroscopy

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