ENEA is planning to develop a lidar system for measurement of the vertical profile of water vapour mixing ratio in daytime at a remote site, the Station for Climate Observations located in Lampedusa. Italy. The Raman lidar technique has been retained because of its experimental simplicity with respect to DIAL, and the UV spectral range has been chosen because Raman cross-sections and detector efficiencies are larger. For a wavelength larger than ∼ 300 nm the signal is limited in daytime by sky background, but extinction is acceptable, and the aims of the system can be reached with a strong laser source. The 355 nm wavelength of a frequency-tripled Nd: YAG laser has been retained as this laser source permits to reach a large pulse energy while keeping the system simple to operate. Geometrical form factor calculations need to be performed to evaluate the near-range overlap between the laser beam and the field-of-view of the receiver. Among several options, a dual-receiver system has been retained to account for the several orders of magnitude expected in the backscattered signal intensity: a smaller receiver, with a primary mirror of 200 mm diameter for the 0.2-1 km range, and a larger 500 mm receiver for the 1-3 km range.
|Pages (from-to)||459 - 466|
|Number of pages||8|
|Journal||Annals of Geophysics|
|Publication status||Published - 2003|
All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes