A novel portable, high-luminosity monochromatically tunable x-ray microscope

F. Flora, S. Bollanti, A. Lai, P. Di Lazzaro, T. Letardi, A. Grilli, L. Palladino, G. Tomassetti, A. Reale, L. Reale, A. Scafati, L. Bacchetta, L. Alainelli, M. Sanchez Del Rio, T.A. Pikuz, A.Y. Faenov

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

13 Citations (Scopus)


A novel experimental setup for transmission x-ray microscopy is presented. It is based on the use of a point isotropic x-ray source and a single spherical crystal. The x-ray beam intensity is modulated by the object attenuation, then monochromatized and enlarged using a spherical crystal and, lastly, imaged using a detector downstream of the crystal. We demonstrate by ray tracing technique and experimental testing that this system allows microscopy studies with image resolution better than the dimensions of the source, high magnification ratios, and great field of view. Microscopes using this model can be easily built using different micro x-ray sources, like conventional x-ray tube generators, x-rays emitted by laser generated plasmas or synchrotron radiation. Utilization of spherically bent crystals to obtain high-resolution, large field, monochromatic images in a wide range of Bragg angles (20°<Theta;<45°) is demonstrated for the first time. High quality monochromatic (δλ/λ∼10-5-10-3) images with high magnification about 15-35 times and spatial resolution (<10 μm) over a large field of view (few mm2) were obtained. Some possible applications and preliminary experimental verification of the feasibility of the setup are also presented.
Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)240 - 252
Number of pages13
JournalProceedings of SPIE - The International Society for Optical Engineering
Publication statusPublished - 2001
Externally publishedYes


All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes

  • Electronic, Optical and Magnetic Materials
  • Condensed Matter Physics
  • Computer Science Applications
  • Applied Mathematics
  • Electrical and Electronic Engineering

Cite this

Flora, F., Bollanti, S., Lai, A., Di Lazzaro, P., Letardi, T., Grilli, A., ... Faenov, A. Y. (2001). A novel portable, high-luminosity monochromatically tunable x-ray microscope. Proceedings of SPIE - The International Society for Optical Engineering, 4504, 240 - 252. https://doi.org/10.1117/12.448472