A preliminary study on electrochemical biosensors for the determination of total cholinesterase inhibitors in strawberries

Walter Vastarella, Vito Rosa, Carlo Cremisini, Livia Della Seta, Maria Rita Montereali, Roberto Pilloton

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4 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

Organophosphorous (OP) insecticides reveal acute toxicity because of their capability to affect the nervous system through the inhibition of acetyl cholinesterase function in regulating the neurotransmitter acetylcholine. The present work shows an example of an easy to be handled inhibition electrochemical biosensor, based on thick film technology for low cost production of screen printed electrodes. Anti-cholinesterase activity in specific fruits was determined measuring the inhibition of acetyl cholinesterase enzyme owing to the presence of OP pesticides. Paraoxon was taken as reference pesticide for each measurement. The main fluidic critical parameters were investigated under flow injection analysis, through the comparison of different enzymatic immobilisation methods. Analytical features were evaluated as a function of experimental parameters. The analytical detection was developed in a three step procedure and the pesticides content was measured in strawberries samples taken from the local market. The separation between the acetyl cholinesterase inhibition and the electrochemical detection with the choline oxidase biosensor decreases the total analysis time, allowing improvements in reproducibility and stability of the system. A comparison with reference materials and standard analytical procedures for pesticides will be required in the future for evaluating the reliability of the method. © 2007 Taylor & Francis.
Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)689 - 699
Number of pages11
JournalInternational Journal of Environmental Analytical Chemistry
Volume87
Issue number10-11
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - Aug 2007

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All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes

  • Analytical Chemistry
  • Environmental Science(all)
  • Environmental Chemistry

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