A proposed integrated systems approach to the radiation biology of cosmic interest: Biophysics and molecular characterization of tissues irradiated with 14 MeV neutrons

Valerio Licursi, Emiliano Fratini, Barbara Benassi, Mariangela Cestelli-Guidi, Claudia Consales, Augusto Marcelli, Chiara Mirri, Rodolfo Negri, Roberto Amendola

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Abstract

Low-dose exposure of ionizing radiation triggers cell-to-cell communications and tissue interplay alterations. These alterations may play a fundamental role in non-cancer effects, overwhelming the theory of the DNA centric approach. Neither the mechanisms of these effects are fully understood nor is it possible to dissect the real incidence of quality and quantity of incident radiation during in vivo exposure, overall for particulate high-linear energy transfer (LET) radiation. Moreover, the knowledge of particulate high-LET radiation is mandatory for the human deep space exploration and to gain efficiency in the dose/effect ratio for radiotherapy. The aim of this minireview was to describe an integrated system approach to the radiation biology of cosmic interest which could be set up in the framework of a future Sino-Italy cooperation among participating laboratories. We propose, in particular, to deliver X-rays and neutron irradiation at ENEAFNG (Frascati, Italy) and heavy ion irradiation at IMPCAS (Lanzhou, China) to in vivo models. The integrated system approach will focus on the correlation between the quality and quantity of radiation exposure and its in vivo biological effects. Wide range molecular profiling will analyze mainly cell and DNA damages and cell-to-cell and tissues interplay, meanwhile biochemical and chemical specific composition will be detected by infrared spectroscopy. The recently characterized alteration of leptin metabolism is discussed in more detail to present a successful example of systemic approach to cosmic radiation biology. © Accademia Nazionale dei Lincei 2013.
Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)-
JournalATTI Della Accademia Nazionale Dei Lincei Rendiconti Lincei Scienze Fisiche E Naturali
Volume25
Issue numberSUPPL. 1
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 2014
Externally publishedYes

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All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes

  • Environmental Science(all)
  • Agricultural and Biological Sciences(all)
  • Earth and Planetary Sciences(all)

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