A suite of diagnostics to validate and optimize the prototype ITER neutral beam injector

R. Pasqualotto, M. Agostini, M. Barbisan, M. Brombin, R. Cavazzana, G. Croci, M. Dalla Palma, R.S. Delogu, M. De Muri, A. Muraro, S. Peruzzo, A. Pimazzoni, N. Pomaro, M. Rebai, A. Rizzolo, E. Sartori, G. Serianni, S. Spagnolo, M. Spolaore, M. TardocchiB. Zaniol, M. Zaupa

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The ITER project requires additional heating provided by two neutral beam injectors using 40 A negative deuterium ions accelerated at 1 MV. As the beam requirements have never been experimentally met, a test facility is under construction at Consorzio RFX, which hosts two experiments: SPIDER, full-size 100 kV ion source prototype, and MITICA, 1 MeV full-size ITER injector prototype. Since diagnostics in ITER injectors will be mainly limited to thermocouples, due to neutron and gamma radiation and to limited access, it is crucial to thoroughly investigate and characterize in more accessible experiments the key parameters of source plasma and beam, using several complementary diagnostics assisted by modelling. In SPIDER and MITICA the ion source parameters will be measured by optical emission spectroscopy, electrostatic probes, cavity ring down spectroscopy for H^- density and laser absorption spectroscopy for cesium density. Measurements over multiple lines-of-sight will provide the spatial distribution of the parameters over the source extension. The beam profile uniformity and its divergence are studied with beam emission spectroscopy, complemented by visible tomography and neutron imaging, which are novel techniques, while an instrumented calorimeter based on custom unidirectional carbon fiber composite tiles observed by infrared cameras will measure the beam footprint on short pulses with the highest spatial resolution. All heated components will be monitored with thermocouples: as these will likely be the only measurements available in ITER injectors, their capabilities will be investigated by comparison with other techniques. SPIDER and MITICA diagnostics are described in the present paper with a focus on their rationale, key solutions and most original and effective implementations.
Original languageEnglish
Article numberC10009
Pages (from-to)-
JournalJournal of Instrumentation
Issue number10
Publication statusPublished - 23 Oct 2017
Externally publishedYes


All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes

  • Instrumentation
  • Mathematical Physics

Cite this

Pasqualotto, R., Agostini, M., Barbisan, M., Brombin, M., Cavazzana, R., Croci, G., Palma, M. D., Delogu, R. S., De Muri, M., Muraro, A., Peruzzo, S., Pimazzoni, A., Pomaro, N., Rebai, M., Rizzolo, A., Sartori, E., Serianni, G., Spagnolo, S., Spolaore, M., ... Zaupa, M. (2017). A suite of diagnostics to validate and optimize the prototype ITER neutral beam injector. Journal of Instrumentation, 12(10), -. [C10009]. https://doi.org/10.1088/1748-0221/12/10/C10009