In the LIDAR sounding of wide atmospheric ranges, as in middle atmospheric probing, signal-induced noise (SIN) from the photomultiplier (PMT) has been known since long time as a challenging problem for scientists. In this article the results of investigations on SIN are reported and strategies to minimize its amount proposed. Three different types of PMTs have been tested and their response to pulsed light signals of various duration and amplitude, comparable with close range LIDAR return, have been studied. An analysis of the time properties and spectral characteristics of SIN has been performed, and a method to reduce SIN effects in photon counting acquisition has been proposed. The method is based on a careful choice of discriminator threshold level settings, and exploits differences observed between SIN and signal cumulative pulse height distributions. The method shows dependency on single PMT behavior. © 1996 American Institute of Physics.
All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes
Cairo, F., Congeduti, F., Poli, M., Centurioni, S., & Di Donfrancesco, G. (1996). A survey of the signal-induced noise in photomultiplier detection of wide dynamics luminous signals. Review of Scientific Instruments, 67(9), 3274 - 3280. https://doi.org/10.1063/1.1147408