The effectiveness of the activated sludge (collected from a purification plant for the sewage of the city of Rome) has been studied with regard to the biodegradation of nine pesticides (lindane, captan, atrazine, simazine, deltamethrin, chlorpyriphos, azinphos-methyl, bromophos and melathion) representative of some types of products available on the Italian market, and one other product (hexachlorobenzene), no longer used as a pesticide in Italy, but present in the Italian environment. Relative to the reaction time (3, 6 or 9 h) with the activated sludge, the highest biodegradation occurred for captan (100%) and malathion (93.1%) and the lowest for hexachlorobenzene (14.2%) and lindane (4%). In order to evaluate the possibility of using this biodegradation test as a screening test for a rapid assessment of persistence in soil of a new product, data obtained were compared with those reported in literature on the persistence of pesticides in the soil. The two series of data were plotted together in a diagram and they revealed an exponential relationship for eight of the pesticides out of the total tested. The authors report the pertinent mathematical elaboration. © 1992.
All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes
- Environmental Engineering
- Environmental Chemistry
- Waste Management and Disposal
Leoni, V., Cremisini, C., Giovinazzo, R., Puccetti, G., & Vitali, M. (1992). Activated sludge biodegradation test as a screening method to evaluate persistence of pesticides in soil. Science of the Total Environment, 123-124(C), 279 - 289. https://doi.org/10.1016/0048-9697(92)90153-J