Algal biomass as a global source of transport fuels: Overview and development perspectives

Kifayat Ullah, Mushtaq Ahmad, Sofia, Vinod Kumar Sharma, Pengmei Lu, Adam Harvey, Muhammad Zafar, Shazia Sultana, C.N. Anyanwu

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

52 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

As a result of the global fuel crisis of the early 1970s, coupled with concerns for the environment, the use of biofuel has been on the increase in many regions throughout the world. At present, a total of approximately 30 billion (30×109) liters of biofuel are utilized worldwide annually, although most countries rely hugely on the first generation biofuel. The limitations of the first and second generation biofuel gave rise to current interest in algae as a promising alternative to these conventional biofuel sources. Algal biomass could provide a lion's share of the global transport fuel requirements in future. The present review highlights some important developments in, and potentials of algaculture as a major biomass resource of the future. However, the major constraint to commercial-scale algae farming for energy production is the cost factor, which must be addressed adequately before its potentials can be harnessed.
Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)329 - 339
Number of pages11
JournalProgress in Natural Science: Materials International
Volume24
Issue number4
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 2014

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All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes

  • Materials Science(all)

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