Efficient plasma heating by energetic fusion α-particles is a key element of achieving ignition or high fusion gain regimes (Q ≫ 1) in a tokamak reactor. The paper summarizes issues and reviews the latest theoretical and experimental results in the area of energetic particle physics in tokamaks. The discussion includes the classical physics of α-particle heating, effects of perturbations on a single-particle confinement, collective instabilities driven by energetic α-particles, description of the potential α-particle loss channels and their impact on a design of the plasma-facing components in a tokamak reactor. Most of the extrapolations to tokamak reactors are done with the use of ITER parameters and operational scenarios as an example.
|Pages (from-to)||493 - 513|
|Number of pages||21|
|Journal||Philosophical Transactions of the Royal Society A: Mathematical, Physical and Engineering Sciences|
|Publication status||Published - 1999|
All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes
- Physics and Astronomy(all)
Putvinski, S., Heidbrink, W., Martin, G., Porcelli, F., Romanelli, F., Sadler, G., ... Zweben, S. (1999). Alpha-particle physics in tokamaks. Philosophical Transactions of the Royal Society A: Mathematical, Physical and Engineering Sciences, 357(1752), 493 - 513. https://doi.org/10.1098/rsta.1999.0338