The morphological and structural properties of copper-indium alloys selenized in a box by selenium vapours have been studied by varying the thermal cycle of the selenization process. In the first series of selenizations, equal metallic precursors were exposed for 30 min to the selenium vapours at different temperatures in the range 175-405°C. The chalcopyrite CuInSe2phase was found at temperatures as low as 250°C and as a single phase at T ≥ 375°C. At low temperatures different copper selenides were found, like CuSe5 Cu2 - xSe and CuSe2, which affected in a different way the composition and morphology of the film. Indium loss was detected in the 250-300°C range and was attributed to the evolution in the gas phase of the In2Se species. Short selenization cycles were also used with the purpose of identifying the chemical precursors of CuInSe2. The determination of the selenium content in the alloys at different temperatures allowed us to determine a 7 kcal/mol activation energy for the kinetics of selenium incorporation. Long selenizations at 450°C allowed us to obtain a large-grained, compact layer of chalcopyrite CuInSe2which could be used for the fabrication of photovoltaic devices.
All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes
- Condensed Matter Physics
- Inorganic Chemistry
- Materials Chemistry
Parretta, A., Addonizio, M. L., Loreti, S., Quercia, L., & Jayaraj, M. K. (1998). An investigation on the growth of thin chalcopyrite CuInSe. Journal of Crystal Growth, 183(1-2), 196 - 204. https://doi.org/10.1016/S0022-0248(97)00406-5