Analysis of c-HA-ras gene mutations in skin tumors induced in carcinogenesis-susceptible and carcinogenesis-resistant mice by different two-stage protocols or tumor promoter alone

Simonetta Pazzaglia, Mariateresa Mancuso, Beatrice Primerano, Simonetta Rebessi, Guido Biozzi, Vincenzo Covelli, Anna Saran

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15 Citations (Scopus)


In the present study we describe the molecular analysis of c-Ha-ras gene mutations in 47 papillomas and 17 carcinomas developed in two lines of mice, carcinogenesis-susceptible (Car-S) and carcinogenesis-resistant (Car-R), selectively bred for extreme susceptibility or resistance to chemical skin carcinogenesis initiated and promoted with different doses of 7,12-dimethylbenz[a]anthracene (DMBA) and 12-O-tetradecanoylphorbol-13-acetate (TPA). This study also presents the analysis of c-Ha-ras gene mutations in 22 papillomas and 22 carcinomas in Car-S mice initiated with DMBA and promoted with benzoyl peroxide (BzPo) and in seven papillomas and one carcinoma from a group of uniniated Car-S mice that received only BzPo treatment. The data showed that a A182 → T transversion in the c-Ha-ras gene was present in 100% and 81% of the skin tumors developed in Car-S and Car-R mice, respectively, after DMBA initiation and TPA promotion, suggesting that differences in genetic susceptibility can influence the frequency of c-Ha-ras mutations in the skin tumors produced. The same A182 → T mutation with an incidence of 68% was found in papillomas from DMBA-initiated and BzPo-promoted Car-S mice. The difference in the mutation frequency between DMBA/BzPo and DMBA/TPA papillomas suggested that the promotion step contributes to the final mutation pattern. The tumor induction experiment with BzPo alone showed that this compound can induce tumor development in 26% of Car-S mice, and the molecular analysis of the tumors showed a broad mutation spectrum, including mutations in codons 12, 13, and 61 of the c-Ha-ras gene. © 2001 Wiley-Liss, Inc.
Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)111 - 118
Number of pages8
JournalMolecular Carcinogenesis
Issue number2
Publication statusPublished - 2001
Externally publishedYes


All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes

  • Molecular Biology
  • Cancer Research

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