The total power loads applied to inertially cooled components are commonly calculated starting from calorimetric measurements as cooling fluid temperature increase and flow rate during and after the power load application. In this paper, some generalizations to the standard models of measure interpretation are introduced. A method is presented to take into account the effect of thermal conduction and radiation between the component and the surrounding material. It consists in evaluating the conduction and convection thermal resistances and the radiation heat flux by Computational Fluid Dynamics (CFD) numerical models. An analytical model permits to use these evaluations to obtain, from the measured convection flux, the corresponding fluxes by conduction and radiation. Sometimes the durations of pulses and duty cycles are such that the calorimetric measurements after one pulse are actually influenced by the previously applied pulse. A correction factor is introduced to cancel this systematic error. The cooling down phase can be long compared to the duty cycles between the pulses, and consequently the signals cannot be completely recorded till the thermal equilibrium. In order to evaluate the total heat flux on a component also in this case, a model is presented which considers a proper extrapolation curve to estimate the integral of the energy exhausted by the cooling systems. As an example, the models introduced in the paper have been used to interpret experimental measurements carried out on the RADI experiment at IPP Garching and some results are presented in the paper. © 2008 Elsevier B.V. All rights reserved.
All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes
- Civil and Structural Engineering
- Materials Science(all)
- Nuclear Energy and Engineering
- Mechanical Engineering
Agostinetti, P. (2009). Analytical and numerical models for estimates of power loads from calorimetric measurements. Fusion Engineering and Design, 84(2-6), 359 - 363. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.fusengdes.2008.11.059