Anomalous and classical neutral beam fast ion diffusion on JET

Yu.F. Baranov, I. Jenkins, B. Alper, C.D. Challis, S. Conroy, V. Kiptily, J. Ongena, S. Popovichev, P. Smeulders, E. Surrey, K.-D. Zastrow

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Abstract

Trace tritium experiments (TTE) on JET were analysed using Monte Carlo modelling of the neutron emission resulting from the neutral beam injection (NBI) of short (∼300 ms) tritium (T) beam blips into reversed shear, hybrid ELMy H-mode and L-mode deuterium plasmas for a wide range of plasma parameters. The calculated neutron fluxes from deuterium-tritium (DT) reactions could only be made consistent with all plasmas by applying an artificial reduction of the T beam power in the modelling of between 20% and 40%. A similar discrepancy has previously been observed in both JET (Gorini et al 2004 Proc. 31st EPS Conf. on Plasma Physics (London, UK) vol 28G (ECA)) and TFTR (Ruskov et al 1999 Phys. Rev. Lett. 82 924), although no mechanism has yet been found that could explain such a difference in the measured T beam power. Applying this correction in the T beam power, good agreement between calculated and measured DT neutron emission profiles was obtained in low to moderate line averaged density ELMy H-Mode plasmas assuming that the fast beam ions experience no, or relatively small, anomalous diffusion (Dan≪ 0.5 m2s-1). However, the modelled neutron profiles do not agree with measurements in higher density plasmas using the same assumption and the disagreement between the measured and calculated shape of the neutron profile increases with plasma density. In this paper it is demonstrated that large anomalous losses of fast ions have to be assumed in the simulations to improve agreement between experimental and simulated neutron profiles, characterized by the goodness of fit. Various types of fast ion losses are modelled to explain aspects of the data, though further investigation will be required in order to gain a more detailed understanding of the nature of those anomalous losses. © 2009 IOP Publishing Ltd.
Original languageEnglish
Article number044004
Pages (from-to)-
JournalPlasma Physics and Controlled Fusion
Volume51
Issue number4
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 2009
Externally publishedYes

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All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes

  • Condensed Matter Physics
  • Nuclear Energy and Engineering

Cite this

Baranov, Y. F., Jenkins, I., Alper, B., Challis, C. D., Conroy, S., Kiptily, V., ... Zastrow, K-D. (2009). Anomalous and classical neutral beam fast ion diffusion on JET. Plasma Physics and Controlled Fusion, 51(4), -. [044004]. https://doi.org/10.1088/0741-3335/51/4/044004