Application of NiO

Francesca Menchini, Maria Luisa Grilli, Theodoros Dikonimos, Alberto Mittiga, Luca Serenelli, Enrico Salza, Rosa Chierchia, Mario Tucci

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

2 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

Non-stoichiometric nickel oxide (NiOx) is attracting growing attention due to its characteristics of p-type transparent conductive layer and to the possibility to tailor its optical and electrical properties. NiOxcould also be employed as the electron blocking layer in silicon-based heterojunction solar cells. However, at present not much work has been done in this direction. In this paper we investigate the optoelectronic characteristics of NiOxthin films and demonstrate the usability of NiOxas emitter layer in silicon based heterostructure solar cells due to its hole collection selectivity. Test heterojunctions show a rectifying behaviour, even if their characteristics are still limited by the density of defects at the c-Si/NiOxinterface, as deduced by comparing the experimental results with numerical simulations. This suggests that the quality of the interface between NiOxand c-Si needs to be improved, either by optimizing the deposition process of NiOxor by depositing a buffer layer able to carefully passivate the silicon surface and helpfully allow the growth of oxide layer. (� 2016 WILEY-VCH Verlag GmbH & Co. KGaA, Weinheim).
Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)1006 - 1010
Number of pages5
JournalPhysica Status Solidi (C) Current Topics in Solid State Physics
Volume13
Issue number10-12
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 1 Dec 2016

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All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes

  • Condensed Matter Physics

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