Arc-discharge synthesis of carbon nanohorns and multiwalled carbon nanotubes

Mirabile Gattia, M. Vittori Antisan, R. Marazzi, L. Pilloni, V. Contini, A. Montone

Research output: Contribution to conferencePaper

7 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

Carbon nanohorns and multiwalled carbon nanotubes have been synthesized by DC arcdischarge carried out at room pressure in air and Ar-enriched environment, by a specially designed experimental device. The resulting nanostructured material, characterized by electron microscopy and X-ray diffraction, shows different structures according to the condensation channels through which the sublimated carbon atoms are re-condensed in the solid state. Multi-Walled Carbon NanoTubes are mainly found in the hard crust formed at the cathode, while nano-horned particles can be recovered from a cylindrical collector surrounding the discharge. Further material, rag-like shaped and with an amorphous structure, can be collected in the reaction area. When the discharge occurs under Ar atmosphere, a larger quantity of this latter phase is synthesized. This suggests that the atmospheric oxygen could play an active role by burning the most reactive among the synthesized phases, like amorphous carbon contributing so to an "in situ" purification of the raw material.
Original languageEnglish
Publication statusPublished - 2006
Externally publishedYes
Event7th Conference of the Yugoslav Materials Research Society - Recent Developments in Advanced Materials and Processes, YUCOMAT VII - , Serbia
Duration: 1 Jan 2006 → …

Conference

Conference7th Conference of the Yugoslav Materials Research Society - Recent Developments in Advanced Materials and Processes, YUCOMAT VII
CountrySerbia
Period1/1/06 → …

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All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes

  • Materials Science(all)
  • Condensed Matter Physics
  • Mechanics of Materials
  • Mechanical Engineering

Cite this

Gattia, M., Antisan, M. V., Marazzi, R., Pilloni, L., Contini, V., & Montone, A. (2006). Arc-discharge synthesis of carbon nanohorns and multiwalled carbon nanotubes. Paper presented at 7th Conference of the Yugoslav Materials Research Society - Recent Developments in Advanced Materials and Processes, YUCOMAT VII, Serbia.