ARGO 1993 observations of interstellar dust emission

S. Masi, E. Aquilini, A. Boscaleri, P. De Bernardis, M. De Petris, M. Gervasi, L. Martinis, V. Natale, P. Palumbo, F. Scaramuzzi

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We describe observations of Galactic dust emission at millimeter/submillimeter wavelengths (four bands at 2.0, 1.2, 0.8, and 0.5 mm), carried out by a balloon-borne telescope during the ARGO 1993 flight. We have observed the Galactic plane in Aquila and Galactic cirrus emission in Aries, Taurus, and Hercules. The signals detected in the bands of ARGO are well correlated with the Galactic dust emission mapped by IRAS at 100 μ. The dust spectrum in Aquila is well described by a single-temperature distribution with Td= 20.3 ± 0.8 K and spectral index of emissivity α = 1.54 ± 0.11. In Aries and Taurus we find again a single-temperature distribution, with Td= 20.1 ± 1.2 K and α = 1.50 ± 0.17. The dust emission in Hercules has been detected only in the high-frequency channel, and upper limits to the millimeter-wave emission are derived: we conclude that dust cannot mimic the cosmic microwave background anisotropy detected in the same region. The possible presence of a colder dust component is also discussed.
Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)253 - 261
Number of pages9
JournalAstrophysical Journal
Issue number1
Publication statusPublished - 10 Oct 1995
Externally publishedYes


All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes

  • Astronomy and Astrophysics
  • Space and Planetary Science

Cite this

Masi, S., Aquilini, E., Boscaleri, A., De Bernardis, P., De Petris, M., Gervasi, M., ... Scaramuzzi, F. (1995). ARGO 1993 observations of interstellar dust emission. Astrophysical Journal, 452(1), 253 - 261.