Atmospheric emission reduction and abatement costs in regional environmental planning

M.F. Macchiato, C. Cosmi, M. Ragosta, G. Tosato

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Abstract

Atmospheric pollutant emissions caused by anthropic activities are becoming one of the main problems in environmental research. The question of assessing their impact on the global and on the local scale, and of reducing their amount, represent one of the main objectives in environmental projects such as the Sustainable Biosphere Initiative (SBI). We analyse the Basilicata energy system to investigate the possibility of reducing atmospheric pollutant emissions by the cost minimizing allocation of technologies and fuels. We focus our attention on SO2and NO(x) emissions, the most interesting pollutants in a regional analysis. We deal also with CO2emission reduction, to bring out the relationships with the other two pollutants. Energy system analysis is performed with the MARKAL linear programming model. We calculate the minimum total energy system cost at different levels of emission reduction, for each of the investigated pollutants. The tradeoff curves show graphically the reduction cost vs emission reduction. We analysed also the main components of the total energy system cost, in order to point out the factors which have the greatest influence in determining the abatement costs. © 1994 Academic Press Ltd.
Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)141 - 156
Number of pages16
JournalJournal of Environmental Management
Volume41
Issue number2
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 1994
Externally publishedYes

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All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes

  • Environmental Engineering
  • Waste Management and Disposal
  • Management, Monitoring, Policy and Law

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