Bias enhanced nucleation of diamond on Si(100) in a vertical straight hot filament CVD

Th. Dikonimos Makris, R. Giorgi, N. Lisi, L. Pilloni, E. Salernitano

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The aim of the Bias Enhanced Nucleation (BEN) step is to increase the nucleation density during the CVD diamond growth process with respect to more traditional methods like scratching. Diamond seeds were grown in a HFCVD reactor with several vertical straight filaments and a double bias geometry allowing BEN over large area silicon substrates. The effect of the substrate temperature and the gas composition was studied. Spectroscopic and morphological characterisation has been performed on the substrates, both after the BEN and the subsequent growth process. The substrate temperature was found to be an important parameter controlling the nucleation. When the substrate temperature is above 1100°C, both the nucleation and the growth resulted in nanocrystalline SiC while at lower temperature optimal diamond nucleation and growth were found. Simultaneously, intermediate phases between elemental and non-stoichiometric SiC were observed by XPS. Nucleation densities of 1011cm-2and higher were obtained over a surface of several squared centimeters. © 2005 Elsevier B.V. All rights reserved.
Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)318 - 322
Number of pages5
JournalDiamond and Related Materials
Issue number3-7
Publication statusPublished - Mar 2005


All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes

  • Electronic, Optical and Magnetic Materials
  • Chemistry(all)
  • Mechanical Engineering
  • Materials Chemistry
  • Electrical and Electronic Engineering

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