The aim of the study is to compare three different cogeneration systems, internal combustion engine, gas turbine and molten carbonate fuel cell (MCFC), combined with an anaerobic digester plant implementing a technical-economical analysis and a multicriteria analysis. Through the analysis it is possible to show the validity of integrating a MCFC in combined heat and power configuration with anaerobic digester gas, a renewable source of energy, by-product of the treatment of wastewater, animal manure and organic solid waste. Even if fuel cell systems diffusion is still limited by high manufacturing costs, about 4500 €/kW, and is in need of reliable technology, the possibility of integrating renewable fuels, like biogas, with MCFCs can be a good niche market for fuel cell power plants and could promote their large-scale commercialisation. Through the analysis it is possible to show that with a cost of 3000 €/kW the MCFC is already competitive with other cogeneration systems. © 2008 International Association for Hydrogen Energy.
All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes
- Fuel Technology
- Renewable Energy, Sustainability and the Environment
Cigolotti, V., Massi, E., Moreno, A., Polettini, A., & Reale, F. (2008). Biofuels as opportunity for MCFC niche market application. International Journal of Hydrogen Energy, 33(12), 2999 - 3003. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.ijhydene.2008.03.038