Carotenoids and their apocarotenoid derivatives are isoprenoid molecules important for the primary and secondary metabolisms of plants and other living organisms, displaying also key health-related roles in humans and animals. Progress in the knowledge of the carotenoid pathway at the genetic, biochemical and molecular level, supported by successful genetic engineering examples for an increasing number of important plant crops have paved the way for precise molecular breeding of carotenoids. In this review, following a description of the general carotenoid pathway, select examples of plant species able to produce specialty carotenoids and apocarotenoids are illustrated. © 2009 Taylor & Francis Group, LLC.
All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes
- Molecular Biology