Burn performance of fast ignited, tritium-poor ICF fuels

S. Atzeni, M.L. Ciampi

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Abstract

The potentials of fuels that are predominantly deuterium, with a small tritium content (tritium-poor deuterium), are examined in the context of the inertial confinement fusion (ICF) scheme known as 'fast ignitor', which is based on external heating of a portion of a precompressed target. For this purpose, the burn performance of compressed spheres of pure or nearly pure deuterium with an off-centre deuterium-tritium (DT) seed, ignited by an ultrapowerful external beam, has been studied using two dimensional (2-D) numerical simulations. The dependences of the fuel energy gain on the fuel mass and energy, and on the tritium fractional content FT, have been studied; limiting gain curves have been obtained for fixed values of FTand of the isentrope parameter α It is found that assemblies with FT= 0.5-1%, fuel mass m ≈ 20 mg, compressed at density p ≈ 1000 g/cm3, can achieve tritium self-sufficiency (i.e. net tritium production). At α ≈ 1.5, the corresponding fuel energy at ignition is of the order of 1 MJ and the fuel energy gain can be about 1000. The potentials of tritium-poor configurations are also compared with those of equimolar DT fuels with different ignition configurations.
Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)1665 - 1677
Number of pages13
JournalNuclear Fusion
Volume37
Issue number12
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - Dec 1997
Externally publishedYes

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All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes

  • Nuclear and High Energy Physics
  • Condensed Matter Physics

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