We review progress in the design of high field superconducting cable-in-conduit conductors (CICCs) for fusion applications, with special attention to the results of recent key experiments, leading to the state-of-the-art CICC technology: the ITER Toroidal Field and Central Solenoid programs, the EFDA Dipole conductor development program, the NHFML Hybrid Magnet project, the EU-TF Alt conductor demonstration, and the CRPP React & Wind flat cable test. For these projects, the main CICC design driver was the mitigation of Nb3Sn conductor performance degradation with electro-magnetic loading cycles. This was achieved by proper choice of cable layout and of conductor geometry, depending on the specific operating conditions and project requirements. In all cases, the necessity to limit cable movements inside the conductor jacket was identified to be of crucial importance. The main aspects of CICC manufacture are also discussed here, at least for what is the experience gained by the authors in both CICC jacketing and cabling processes. Finally, the state of the art of high-temperature superconducting (HTS) cables is discussed: at present, this technology is still in its infancy, but it is highly likely that major technological improvements could eventually lead to a widespread use of HTS CICCs.
All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes
- Ceramics and Composites
- Condensed Matter Physics
- Metals and Alloys
- Electrical and Electronic Engineering
- Materials Chemistry
Muzzi, L., De Marzi, G., Di Zenobio, A., & Della Corte, A. (2015). Cable-in-conduit conductors: Lessons from the recent past for future developments with low and high temperature superconductors. Superconductor Science and Technology, 28(5), -. . https://doi.org/10.1088/0953-2048/28/5/053001