Capabilities of a Diamond Detector matrix for neutron spectroscopy measurements at JET

D. Rigamonti, M. Tardocchi, C. Cazzaniga, M. Rebai, G. Croci, L.C. Giacomelli, G. Grosso, A. Muraro, M. Nocente, E. Perelli Cippo, P. Calvani, M. Girolami, D.M. Trucchi, M. Angelone, M. Pillon, J. Figuereido, A. Murari, G. Gorini

Research output: Contribution to conferencePaper

Abstract

Single-crystal Diamond Detectors (SDDs) feature high radiation hardness, fast response and compact size. This makes SDDs ideal candidates for fast neutron detectors in environment where high neutron flux is an issue such as the next generation burning plasmas experiments. Neutron detection in SDD is based on the collection of electron-hole pairs produced by charged particles generated by neutron interaction with12C nuclei. For neutron energies above about 7 MeV neutron spectroscopy is possible by measuring the deposited energy into the detector via the reaction12C(n,α)9Be. This is indeed the cases of SDD measurements of 14 MeV neutrons of DT plasmas. A single pixel SDD (4.5×4.5×0.5 mm∧3) prototype was installed at JET in 2013 and the achieved results allowed to assess also the neutron spectroscopic capability of deuterium plasmas. A 12-pixels SDD matrix has been recently realized and will be installed in 2015 at JET for DT plasmas as part of the Vertical Neutron Spectrometer project. In this paper calibration of the SDD matrix with alpha particles in the laboratory and 14 MeV neutrons performed at the ENEA Frascati Neutron Generator will be presented. These calibrations have been performed with a fast charge preamplifier combined to a fast digital data acquisition, which allows for neutron spectroscopy measurements with simultaneously high energy resolution and high count rate capability. Both requirements are essential for neutron spectroscopy of high power fusion plasmas. The calibrations results achieved extrapolate favourably in view of future neutron spectroscopy measurements at JET using diamond detectors.
Original languageEnglish
Publication statusPublished - 2015
Externally publishedYes
Event1st EPS Conference on Plasma Diagnostics, ECPD 2015 - Frascati, Italy
Duration: 1 Jan 2015 → …

Conference

Conference1st EPS Conference on Plasma Diagnostics, ECPD 2015
CountryItaly
CityFrascati
Period1/1/15 → …

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Rigamonti, D., Tardocchi, M., Cazzaniga, C., Rebai, M., Croci, G., Giacomelli, L. C., ... Gorini, G. (2015). Capabilities of a Diamond Detector matrix for neutron spectroscopy measurements at JET. Paper presented at 1st EPS Conference on Plasma Diagnostics, ECPD 2015, Frascati, Italy.