C/EBP α and β mimic retinoic acid activation of IGFBP-5 in neuroblastoma cells by a mechanism independent from binding to their site

Vincenzo Cesi, Maria Laura Giuffrida, Roberta Vitali, Barbara Tanno, Camillo Mancini, Bruno Calabretta, Giuseppe Raschellà

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Abstract

Signal transduction mediated by insulin-like growth factors is implicated in the aggressive behavior of neuroblastoma (NB), a childhood tumor originating from the neural crest. IGFBP-5, a protein that binds IGFs with high affinity, is expressed in many NB cell lines exerting opposite effects, depending on its concentration. We found that IGFBP-5 expression increased during retinoic acid (RA)-mediated differentiation of NB cells. This was due to transcriptional activation as demonstrated by reporter assays carried out in basal and differentiating conditions. We defined the shortest region of the human IGFBP-5 promoter (from nucleotide -83 to +53) which is sensitive to RA. Mutation of a CCAAT enhancer binding protein (C/EBP) element inside this region increased transcription, suggesting a repressive role of this sequence. DNA Affinity Precipitation Assays (DAPA) and chromatin immunoprecipitation demonstrated that the binding of C/EBPα and β to the C/EBP site decreased upon treatment with RA. C/EBPα and β induced an increase in IGFBP-5 transcription in human and murine NB cells similar to that obtained upon RA treatment. Activation by C/EBP α and β did not depend on their binding to the C/EBP site, since they still activated IGFBP-5 promoter carrying a mutation in the C/EBP site. Of interest, we found that both transcription factors were able to interact with the TATA box, but only C/EBPα interaction increased during RA-induced differentiation. © 2005 Elsevier Inc. All rights reserved.
Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)179 - 189
Number of pages11
JournalExperimental Cell Research
Volume305
Issue number1
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 15 Apr 2005
Externally publishedYes

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All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes

  • Cell Biology

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