Characterization and leaching of NiCd and NiMH spent batteries for the recovery of metals

L. Pietrelli, B. Bellomo, D. Fontana, M. Montereali

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Abstract

Since NiMH and NiCd batteries are still used in the electronic devices market, a treatment and recycling plant has many advantages both from the environmental and the economic points of view. Unfortunately, there is no relationship between shape, size and chemical composition of spent batteries, consequently the characterization and the leaching method of the starting material becomes an important step of the overall treatment process in choosing the best conditions for the selective separation of the metals by hydrometallurgy. Leaching at 20°C with H2SO42 M for about 2 h seems to be a good solution in terms of cost and efficiency for both battery types. The hydroxide compounds can be readily leached while Ni present as metallic form requires more aggressive conditions due to kinetic constraints. In this paper, the characterization of NiMH and NiCd spent batteries and the results of leaching tests in different conditions are reported. © 2005 Elsevier Ltd. All rights reserved.
Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)221 - 226
Number of pages6
JournalWaste Management
Volume25
Issue number2 SPEC. ISS.
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 2005
Externally publishedYes

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All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes

  • Waste Management and Disposal

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