Characterization of a Phospholipid Adduct Formed in Sprague Dawley Rats by Chloroform Metabolism: NMR Studies

Cecilia Guastadisegni, Laura Guidoni, Maria Balduzzi, Vincenza Viti, Emma Di Consiglio, Luciano Vittozzi

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The formation of a covalent adduct to a single phospholipid by the oxidative chloroform metabolite, phosgene, is demonstrated in liver mitochondria of phenobarbital-pretreated Sprague Dawley (SD) rats treated with CHCl3. The densitometric analysis of the phosphorus stained extracted phospholipids showed that the formation of this adduct in liver mitochondria is accompanied by a decrease of phosphatidylethanolamine and cardiolipin. The characterization of this adduct was performed with a multinuclear NMR approach by comparison with the decreased phospholipids. Treatment of rats with [13C]chloroform resulted in an intense13C NMR peak from either an esteric or amidic carbonyl. Very strong similarities in fatty acid composition were found between phosphatidylethanolamine and the phosgene-modified PL, using13C and1H NMR spectroscopy. A multiplet at 3.91 ppm coupled to a signal at 3.41 ppm was shown by two-dimensional1H NMR in the adduct spectrum. This cross peak was interpreted as arising from the shifted resonances of the two PE head group methylene groups, due to the binding with phosgene.31P spectrum of the adduct was identical to that of phosphatidylethanolamine. We concluded that the chloroform adduct is a modified phosphatidylethanolamine, with the phosgene-derived carbonyl bound to the amine of the head group. © 1997 John Wiley & Sons, Inc.
Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)93 - 102
Number of pages10
JournalJournal of Biochemical and Molecular Toxicology
Issue number2
Publication statusPublished - 1998
Externally publishedYes


All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes

  • Biochemistry
  • Molecular Medicine
  • Molecular Biology
  • Toxicology
  • Health, Toxicology and Mutagenesis

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