The ITER main vacuum system consists of six torus exhaust pumps integrated in the Cryostat through dedicated housings at the building B1 level. The Port Cell area outside the cryopump plug is affected by neutrons streaming through the housing structure and diagnostics penetrations. The aim of the study presented in this paper is to perform a complete assessment of the nuclear responses in the Cryopump Port Cell #12 by means of the MCNP-5 Monte Carlo code in a full 3-D geometry. The results of the neutronic analyses provide guidelines for the design and maintenance of the embedded components, ensuring their structural integrity and proper operation. Radiation transport calculations have been carried out to determine the radiation field inside the Port Cell through 3-D neutrons and gamma maps. Nuclear heating induced by neutrons and photons and the absorbed dose during the ITER lifetime on steel and silicon have been estimated in the Port Cell area, in order to assess the nuclear loads that the diagnostics and related electronic components have to withstand. Furthermore, the impact of the gamma-rays emitted by neutron-activated water circulating in the Primary Heat Transfer System have been evaluated on the Port Cell environment: 3-D maps of the gamma flux, nuclear loads on steel/silicon during plasma operation are provided.
All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes
- Nuclear Energy and Engineering
- Materials Science(all)
- Civil and Structural Engineering
- Mechanical Engineering
Moro, F., Villari, R., Flammini, D., Podda, S., Antipenkov, A., Dremel, M., ... Petrizzi, L. (2016). Characterization of the radiation field and evaluation of the nuclear responses in the ITER cryopump port cell. Fusion Engineering and Design, 109-111, 461 - 467. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.fusengdes.2016.02.081