The effects of charge transfer induced by analyte molecule adsorption on the sensing properties of single-walled carbon nanotube (SWCNT) fiber optic chemical nano-sensors has been investigated. Experimental evidence indicates that extrinsic fiber optic Fabry-Perot (FP) interferometers incorporating nano-scale sensitive layers of SWCNTs and cadmium arachidate exhibit responses of opposite sign on exposure to electron donating (xylene and ethanol vapors) or accepting (NO2) analytes, at room temperature. This reveals the strong influence of the electrical nature of the adsorbed species on the optical properties of carbon nanotube overlays. To take account of this influence, the plasma optic effect has been considered, which allows one to relate the modulation of the optical properties of sensitive overlays to the changes of carrier concentration. The results reveal that in analogy with resistive sensors based on SWCNTs, charge transfer phenomena play a significant role in optical detection, providing the possibility of enhancing the sensing performance and discriminating between accepting or donating analytes. © 2008 Elsevier Ltd. All rights reserved.
All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes
Cusano, A., Consales, M., Crescitelli, A., Penza, M., Aversa, P., Veneri, P. D., & Giordano, M. (2009). Charge transfer effects on the sensing properties of fiber optic chemical nano-sensors based on single-walled carbon nanotubes. Carbon, 47(3), 782 - 788. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.carbon.2008.11.014