Chemical analysis of archeological materials in submarine environments using laser-induced breakdown spectroscopy. On-site trials in the Mediterranean Sea

S. Guirado, F.J. Fortes, V. Lazic, J.J. Laserna

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The main aim of this work is to demonstrate the capability of laser-induced breakdown spectroscopy (LIBS) for the recognition and identification of archeological materials submerged in sea water at depths up to 30 m. For this purpose, a remote LIBS instrument based on a fiber optic cable to deliver the laser beam energy has been evaluated. An air flux was applied to create a sample-air interface prior to laser ablation. This flux prevents the contact of sea water with the sample surface during the analysis. In this way, good quality LIBS spectra were obtained. Parametric studies in the laboratory such as gas flow pressure, beam focal conditions and angle of incidence, among others, were performed to optimize the best conditions for field analysis. Finally, real samples such as different bronzes containing a high oxidation degree were analyzed underwater in the Mediterranean Sea. The dependence of LIBS signal with the analysis depth was also studied. Results obtained in these field trials confirmed the capability of remote LIBS for in-situ analysis of underwater archeological samples. © 2012 Elsevier B.V.
Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)137 - 143
Number of pages7
JournalSpectrochimica Acta, Part B: Atomic Spectroscopy
Publication statusPublished - Aug 2012
Externally publishedYes


All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes

  • Analytical Chemistry
  • Atomic and Molecular Physics, and Optics
  • Instrumentation
  • Spectroscopy

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