Hard-templated NiO-CeO2samples with increasing Ni/Ce molar ratios, as well as hard-templated CeO2and NiO oxides, were prepared. All samples were characterized by different techniques as to their chemical composition, structure, morphology, texture, and redox features. They were investigated in the CO methanation reaction after mild reduction pretreatment (H2at 400 °C for 1 h). Catalytic testing was performed under atmospheric pressure, 300 °C and H2/CO molar ratios of 3.2 or 1.8. In the latter case, runs were carried out also at 200, 250, and 275 °C. Almost complete CO conversion and very high CH4selectivity (up to 94 and 78 mol% at H2/CO = 3.2 and 1.8, respectively) were obtained at 300 °C over the NiCe mixed oxides, with CO2as byproduct. CH4selectivity was found to increase with the increase in Ni content. A growth in the size of Ni0particles with the same parameter was also observed, suggesting an influence of the crystallite size on methane formation. In spite of its large Ni0crystallite size, a lower CH4selectivity (73 mol%, at H2/CO = 3.2) was obtained on pure NiO. This was explained by taking into account the role of CeO2in limiting CO2formation.
All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes
- Process Chemistry and Technology
Rombi, E., Cutrufello, M. G., Atzori, L., Monaci, R., Ardu, A., Gazzoli, D., Deiana, P., & Ferino, I. (2016). CO methanation on Ni-Ce mixed oxides prepared by hard template method. Applied Catalysis A: General, 515, 144 - 153. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.apcata.2016.02.002