Coefficient of thermal expansion of nanostructured tungsten based coatings assessed by substrate curvature method

E. Besozzi, D. Dellasega, A. Pezzoli, A. Mantegazza, M. Passoni, M.G. Beghi

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

5 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

The in plane coefficient of thermal expansion (CTE) and the residual stress of nanostructured W based coatings are extensively investigated. The CTE and the residual stresses are derived by means of an optimized ad-hoc developed experimental setup based on the detection of the substrate curvature by a laser system. The nanostructured coatings are deposited by Pulsed Laser Deposition. Thanks to its versatility, nanocrystalline W metallic coatings, ultra-nano-crystalline pure W and W-Tantalum coatings and amorphous-like W coatings are obtained. The correlation between the nanostructure, the residual stress and the CTE of the coatings are thus elucidated. We find that all the samples show a compressive residual state of stress that decreases as the structure goes from columnar nanocrystalline to amorphous-like. The CTE of all the coatings is higher than the one of the corresponding bulk W form. In particular, as the grain size shrinks, the CTE increases from 5.1 10−6K−1for nanocrystalline W to 6.6 10−6K−1in the ultra-nano-crystalline region. When dealing with amorphous W, the further increase of the CTE is attributed to a higher porosity degree of the samples. The CTE of the coatings is also investigated as function of materials stiffness: when stiffness decreases, the CTE increases.
Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)192 - 203
Number of pages12
JournalMaterials and Design
Volume137
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 5 Jan 2018
Externally publishedYes

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All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes

  • Materials Science(all)
  • Mechanics of Materials
  • Mechanical Engineering

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