Common signals between physical and atmospheric variables and zooplankton biomass in the Subarctic Pacific

Alessandra Conversi, Sultan Hameed

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

6 Citations (Scopus)


There is increasing evidence that zooplankton inter-annual variability is related to changes in the physical and atmospheric environments. Here, we analyse and compare the inter-annual variations of zooplankton biomass and of two environmental properties - surface temperature and surface salinity at Station P, Gulf of Alaska (50°N 145°W). This 1956-1980 data set was gathered by Canadian weatherships, with a frequency of approximately 1 month. Spectral analysis shows that the annual cycle dominates the variations of zooplankton biomass, as well as temperature and salinity. However, most of the inter-annual variability in all three properties is contained in frequency bands corresponding to periods near 12-24 years, ~6 years, ~29 months, and ~14.5 months. These frequencies correspond to those found in well-known oscillations in the atmosphere-ocean system. In this article we summarize some of the results of our work, compare our results with others reported in the literature and discuss possible mechanisms for the relationships between zooplankton, salinity, and temperature.
Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)739 - 747
Number of pages9
JournalICES Journal of Marine Science
Issue number4
Publication statusPublished - 1998
Externally publishedYes


All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes

  • Oceanography
  • Ecology, Evolution, Behavior and Systematics
  • Aquatic Science
  • Ecology

Cite this