Comparative study of the in vitro interaction of two fibroblast cell lines with a polyalkyl-imide hydrogel

Luciana Dini, Bernadetta Tenuzzo, Maria Antonietta Miccoli, Valerio Miceli, Carmelo Protopapa, Piera Angela Ramires

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle


The in vitro effects of polyalkyl-imide hydrogel (PAI) containing 96% pyrogen-free water on the viability, apoptosis, cell shape and metabolic activities of murine 3T3 and human Detroit 555 fibroblasts were investigated. Analysis of the viscous-elastic properties and the ultrastructure of PAI, performed by rheometer and AFM respectively, showed that the material has the typical characteristics of hydrogel, including a three-dimensional configuration of molecules arranged in a regular network with many discrete caveolae where most of the water is captured. Hydrogel biocompatibility was found to be high for both cell lines, with some differences. Cell viability decreased more in 3T3 cells than Detroit 550 fibroblasts when cultured in the presence of 100 mg/ml hydrogel but not at concentrations of 25 and 50 mg/ml hydrogel. The period of incubation with PAI (24 and 48 h) only partially affected cell viability. Apoptosis, most likely due to cells' inability to adhere to the polymer, was the only type of cell death observed. Fibroblasts grown in the presence of polymer were always metabolically active since they continued to synthesize collagen. In conclusion, PAI hydrogel, even at high concentrations, was biocompatible for both fibroblasts, but in particular for human cells, thus encouraging its use as a dermal filler. © 2008 Wiley Periodicals, Inc.
Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)197 - 205
Number of pages9
JournalJournal of Biomedical Materials Research - Part B Applied Biomaterials
Issue number1
Publication statusPublished - Jan 2009
Externally publishedYes


All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes

  • Biomaterials
  • Biomedical Engineering

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