Compensation of beamlet deflection by mechanical offset of the grids apertures in the SPIDER ion source

P. Agostinetti, V. Antoni, N. Pilan, G. Serianni

Research output: Contribution to conferencePaper

Abstract

The SPIDER experiment has the main goal to test the extraction of negative ions from an ITER size ion source. It is designed to extract 1280 negative ion beamlets and accelerate them up to a 100 kV potential. The negative ion beam at exit and the operating parameters will be carefully measured and optimized in order to match the ITER requirements for the NBI (Neutral Beam Injector) ion sources. Inside a negative ion accelerator, there are generally two main factors that can cause deflection of the ion beamlets: the repulsion among beamlets and the electron suppression magnetic field. These two effects are both to be considered highly detrimental for the ITER NBI, as they are expected to cause higher heat loads on the ITER NBI neutralizer and decrease the overall beam quality (in terms of aiming and divergence). Hence they should be considered and minimized also for the SPIDER device, where it will be possible to precisely investigate the beamlet footprint using an instrumented calorimeter relatively close to the accelerator exit. This paper presents a design optimization process aiming at compensating the two described effects. To make this, a mechanical offset of the grounded grid apertures is considered. The OPERA-3d code (Vector Fields Co. Ltd.) is used as the main tool for this optimization process, as it can take into account the beamlet repulsion and the interaction between beamlets and grids. This is made by solving the electrostatic Poisson's equation with a finite element approach, to calculate the particle trajectories of the negative ions under the influence of electrostatic fields, magnetic fields and space charge. ©2009 IEEE.
Original languageEnglish
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 2009
Externally publishedYes
Event2009 23rd IEEE/NPSS Symposium on Fusion Engineering, SOFE 2009 - , United States
Duration: 1 Jan 2009 → …

Conference

Conference2009 23rd IEEE/NPSS Symposium on Fusion Engineering, SOFE 2009
CountryUnited States
Period1/1/09 → …

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All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes

  • Nuclear and High Energy Physics
  • Nuclear Energy and Engineering

Cite this

Agostinetti, P., Antoni, V., Pilan, N., & Serianni, G. (2009). Compensation of beamlet deflection by mechanical offset of the grids apertures in the SPIDER ion source. Paper presented at 2009 23rd IEEE/NPSS Symposium on Fusion Engineering, SOFE 2009, United States. https://doi.org/10.1109/FUSION.2009.5226537