Growing chick-pea in sustainable systems requires the use and development of more competitive genotypes which can complement the effects of reduced input weed control. A 2-year study assessed the competitive ability of 13 genotypes grown in either the presence or absence of weeds, in a split-plot design including the weeds in pure stands. Crop and weed density, phenology, relative biomass of crop (RBc) and weeds (RBw), crop yield characters, crop biometric traits in the absence of weeds, relative biomass total of mixtures (RBT) and crop competitive ability (Cb= ln RBc/RBw) were recorded. Lines C136, C120, C101 and C106, and cultivais Pascià, Visir and Sultano gave the best seed yield in the absence of weeds (1.8-2.0 t ha-1DM). Weeds reduced yield by 75% and 83% in C136 and C133 and by 87-97% in the other genotypes. Weed biomass in mixture (mainly Chenopodium album) averaged 4.42 t ha-1DM. Chick-pea genotypes C136 and C133 were the most competitive, but weeds were more competitive than any of the chick-peas. Cb was correlated directly to the height of first fertile pod (r2= 0.84) and inversely to the insertion angle of primary branches to the vertical (r2= 0.77). Intergenotypic variation for competitive ability could be exploited in integrated weed control using more competitive genotypes, or used in breeding programmes aimed to develop highly competitive cultivars on the basis of easily screenable characters. © 2006 The Authors.
All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes
- Ecology, Evolution, Behavior and Systematics
- Agronomy and Crop Science
- Plant Science
Paolini, R., Faustini, F., Saccardo, F., & Crinò, P. (2006). Competitive interactions between chick-pea genotypes and weeds. Weed Research, 46(4), 335 - 344. https://doi.org/10.1111/j.1365-3180.2006.00513.x