In this work, a novel iron chemical conversion coating process has been applied to deposit a composite Cu-LaFeO3perovskite coating layer on a commercial 18Cr ferritic stainless steel for application as Intermediate-Temperature Solid Oxide Fuel Cell (IT-SOFC) interconnect. The conversion process is carried out at 600◦C under a CO2gas atmosphere in a binary eutectic lithium-sodium molten carbonate bath containing lanthanum, magnesium and copper additions in form of their respective oxides. Multi-layer coatings are obtained, with a surface composite layer formed by a dense perovskite polycrystalline thick film with metallic copper particles encased in the perovskite grains grown on a Fe-rich spinel sublayer. Copper oxide additions significantly promote the formation of the LaFeO3perovskite layer, and the experimental results suggest that galvanic coupling phenomena between the alloy elements and copper take place during the coating formation process. Chemical stability and Cr diffusion barrier properties of the composite coating have been evaluated in air exposure experiments at 700◦C for 200 h. The perovskite phase shows high stability after the high temperature exposure, with no detectable sign of Cr diffusion in the layer. Details on functional properties of these composite conversion coatings for IT-SOFC applications will be reported in a subsequent study.
All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes
- Electronic, Optical and Magnetic Materials
- Renewable Energy, Sustainability and the Environment
- Surfaces, Coatings and Films
- Materials Chemistry