The basic principles for designing a camera system for neutron imaging in low fusion power tokamaks are illustrated for the case of the HL-2A tokamak device. HL-2A has an approximately circular cross section, with total neutron yields of about 1012n/s under 1 MW neutral beam injection (NBI) heating. The accuracy in determining the width of the neutron emission profile and the plasma vertical position are chosen as relevant parameters for design optimization. Typical neutron emission profiles and neutron energy spectra are calculated by Monte Carlo method. A reference design is assumed, for which the direct and scattered neutron fluences are assessed and the neutron count profile of the neutron camera is obtained. Three other designs are presented for comparison. The reference design is found to have the best performance for assessing the width of peaked to broadened neutron emission profiles. It also performs well for the assessment of the vertical position.
All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes
- Mathematical Physics
Xie, X., Yuan, X., Zhang, X., Nocente, M., Chen, Z., Peng, X., ... Yang, Q. (2016). Conceptual design of a camera system for neutron imaging in low fusion power tokamaks. Journal of Instrumentation, 11(2), -. [C02023]. https://doi.org/10.1088/1748-0221/11/02/C02023