Considerations for developing an RF exposure system: A review for in vitro biological experiments

Alessandra Paffi, Francesca Apollonio, Giorgio Alfonso Lovisolo, Carmela Marino, Rosanna Pinto, Michael Repacholi, Micaela Liberti

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

69 Citations (Scopus)


This paper provides a detailed review and classification of exposure systems used in RF in vitro research from 1999 up to 2009. Since different endpoints and protocols are used in bioelectromagnetics studies, exposure systems cannot be standardized. However, a standardized procedure to achieve the optimum design of the exposure system is suggested. Following this procedure will lead to a known dose distribution within the biological sample and allow a better comparison with other in vitro studies. In addition, the quality of the study will be such that it will be more likely to be included in assessment procedures such as health-risk assessments. © 2010 IEEE.
Original languageEnglish
Article number5570973
Pages (from-to)2702 - 2714
Number of pages13
JournalIEEE Transactions on Microwave Theory and Techniques
Issue number10
Publication statusPublished - Oct 2010
Externally publishedYes


All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes

  • Electrical and Electronic Engineering
  • Condensed Matter Physics
  • Radiation

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