Continuous reaction system to investigate the dispersion polymerization of vinyl monomers in supercritical carbon dioxide

Alberto Giaconia, Giuseppe Filardo, Onofrio Scialdone, Alessandro Galia

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Abstract

A laboratory-scale continuous reaction system using a stirred tank reactor was assembled in our laboratory to study the dispersion polymerization of vinyl monomers in supercritical carbon dioxide (scCO2). The apparatus was equipped with & suitable downstream separation section to collect solid particles entrained in the effluent stream from the reactor, whose monomer concentration could be measured online with a gas Chromatograph. The dispersion polymerization of methyl methacrylate in scCO2 was selected as a model process to be investigated in the apparatus. The experiments were performed at 65°C and 25 MPa with 2,2′-azobisisobutyronitrile as the initiator and a reactive polysiloxane macromonomer as a surfactant to investigate the effect of the mean residence time of the reaction mixture on the monomer conversion, polymerization rate, polymer molecular weight, and particle size distribution. The results were compared with those obtained in batch polymerizations carried out under similar operative conditions. © 2006 Wiley Periodicals, Inc.
Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)4122 - 4135
Number of pages14
JournalJournal of Polymer Science, Part A: Polymer Chemistry
Volume44
Issue number13
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 1 Jul 2006
Externally publishedYes

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All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes

  • Polymers and Plastics
  • Organic Chemistry
  • Materials Chemistry

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