Copper benchmark experiment at the Frascati Neutron Generator for nuclear data validation

M. Angelone, D. Flammini, S. Loreti, F. Moro, M. Pillon, R. Villari

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A neutronics benchmark experiment on a pure Copper block (dimensions 60 × 70 × 60 cm3), aimed at testing and validating the recent nuclear data libraries for fusion applications, was performed at the 14-MeV Frascati Neutron Generator (FNG) as part of a F4E specific grant (F4E_FPA-395_01) assigned to the European Consortium on Nuclear Data and Experimental Techniques. The relevant neutronics quantities (e.g., reaction rates, neutron flux spectra, doses, etc.) were measured using different experimental techniques and the results were compared to the calculated quantities using fusion relevant nuclear data libraries. This paper focuses on the analyses carried-out by ENEA through the activation foils techniques.197Au(n,γ)198Au,186W(n,γ)187W,115In(n,n′)115In,58Ni(n,p)58Co,27Al(n,α)24Na,93Nb(n,2n)92Nbmactivation reactions were used. The foils were placed at eight different positions along the Cu block and irradiated with 14 MeV neutrons. Activation measurements were performed by means of High Purity Germanium (HPGe) detector. Detailed simulation of the experiment was carried-out using MCNP5 Monte Carlo code and the European JEFF-3.1.1 and 3.2 nuclear cross-sections data files for neutron transport and IRDFF_v1.05 library for the reaction rates in activation foils. The calculated reaction rates (C) were compared to the experimental quantities (E) and the C/E ratio with relative uncertainties was assessed.
Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)843 - 847
Number of pages5
JournalFusion Engineering and Design
Publication statusPublished - 1 Nov 2016
Externally publishedYes


All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes

  • Nuclear Energy and Engineering
  • Materials Science(all)
  • Civil and Structural Engineering
  • Mechanical Engineering

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