Correlations between the electrochemical behaviour and surface film composition of TZM alloy exposed to divertor water coolant environments

Marie-Françoise Maday, Rossella Giorgi, Theodoros Dikonimos-Makris

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle


X-ray photoelectron spectroscopy (XPS) has been carried out on TZM alloy surfaces after short and long immersion tests in high temperature (250°C) aqueous environments simulating possible fusion reactor coolant conditions during operation. Phase identification by XPS was used in connection with the open circuit potential trends to suggest plausible hypotheses about TZM corrosion behaviour in the various chemical environments considered in this study. It was proposed that exposure of TZM to oxidizing water conditions produced poorly protective layers, which consist essentially of low (IV) and intermediate (V) valency Mo oxides/hydroxides. Conversely the results obtained in deaerated and reducing water conditions suggested that barrier films could develop in these environments: the phases exhibit a bilayered structure and consisted of an inner tetravalent Mo oxide/hydroxide and an outer hexavalent Mo oxide. The protective properties of such layers were attributed to the hexavalent Mo species. © 1997 Elsevier Science B.V.
Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)70 - 76
Number of pages7
JournalJournal of Nuclear Materials
Issue number1
Publication statusPublished - 1997
Externally publishedYes


All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes

  • Nuclear and High Energy Physics
  • Materials Science(all)
  • Nuclear Energy and Engineering

Cite this