Crucial issues of multi-beam feed-back control with ECH/ECCD in fusion plasmas

S. Cirant, J. Berrino, F. Gandini, G. Granucci, F. Iannone, E. Lazzaro, G. D'Antona, D. Farina, K. Koppenburg, S. Nowak, G. Ramponi

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Proof of principle of feed-back controlled Electron Cyclotron Heating and Current Drive (ECH/ECCD), aiming at automatic limitation (or suppression) of Neoclassical Tearing Modes amplitude, has been achieved in a number of present machines. In addition to Neoclassical Tearing Mode stabilization, more applications of well-localized ECH/ECCD can be envisaged (saw-tooth crash control, current profile control, thermal barrier control, disruption mitigation). However, in order to be able to take a step forward towards the application of these techniques to burning plasmas, some crucial issues should be more deeply analyzed: multi-beam simultaneous action, control of deposition radii rdep, diagnostic of plasma reaction. So far the Electron Cyclotron Emission has been the most important tool to get localized information on plasma response, essential for both rdepand rislandrecognition, but its use in very hot burning plasmas within automatic control loops should be carefully verified. Assuming that plasma response is appropriately diagnosed, the next matter to be discussed concerns how to control rdep, since all techniques so far used, or proposed (plasma position, toroidal field, mechanical beam steering, gyrotron frequency tuning) have limitations or drawbacks. Finally, simultaneous multiple actions on many actuators (EC beams), concurring to automatic control of one single parameter (e.g. NTM amplitude) might be a challenging task for the controller, particularly in view of the fact that any effect of each beam becomes visible only when it is positioned very close to the right radius. All these interlinked aspects are discussed in the paper. © 2005 IOP Publishing Ltd.
Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)223 - 233
Number of pages11
JournalJournal of Physics: Conference Series
Issue number1
Publication statusPublished - 1 Jan 2005


All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes

  • Physics and Astronomy(all)

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