Cryptochrome 2 extensively regulates transcription of the chloroplast genome in tomato

Paolo Facella, Fabrizio Carbone, Antonio Placido, Gaetano Perrotta

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6 Citations (Scopus)


Light plays a key role in the regulation of many physiological processes required for plant and chloroplast development. Plant cryptochromes (crys) play an important role in monitoring, capturing, and transmitting the light stimuli. In this study, we analyzed the effects of CRY2 overexpression on transcription of tomato chloroplast genome by a tiling array, containing about 90 000 overlapping probes (5-nucleotide resolution). We profiled transcription in leaves of wild-type and CRY2-overexpressing plants grown in a diurnal cycle, to generate a comprehensive map of chloroplast transcription and to monitor potential specific modulations of the chloroplast transcriptome induced by the overexpression of CRY2. Our results demonstrate that CRY2 is a master gene of transcriptional regulation in the tomato chloroplast. In fact, it modulates the day/night mRNA abundance of about 58% of the 114 ORFs. The effect of CRY2 includes a differential extension of some transcripts at their 5′-end, according to the period of the day. We observed that the influence of CRY2 on chloroplast transcription is not limited to coding RNA; a great number of putative noncoding micro RNA also showed differential accumulation pattern. To our knowledge, this is the first study that highlights how a photoreceptor affects the day/night transcription of the chloroplast genome.
Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)456 - 471
Number of pages16
JournalFEBS Open Bio
Issue number4
Publication statusPublished - 1 Apr 2017


All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes

  • Biochemistry, Genetics and Molecular Biology(all)

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