T helper type 2 (Th2) cell differentiation requires the expression of GATA-3, a transcription factor that allows transcriptional activation of Th2 cytokine genes through chromatin remodelling. We investigated the role of the negative costimulatory receptor cytotoxic T-lymphocyte antigen 4 (CTLA-4) in the regulation of GATA-3 expression, Th2 differentiation and immunoglobulin production during the immune response to allergens. BALB/c mice were immunized with a recombinant major allergenic component of Parietaria judaica pollen, rPar j I, and treated with blocking anti-CTLA-4 or control antibodies. Results showed that in vivo CTLA-4 blockade enhanced the Par j I-specific immunoglobulin E (IgE) serum level. In contrast, Par j I-specific IgG2a serum level was reduced, suggesting that CTLA-4 blockade skewed immunoglobulin production towards interleukin-4 (IL-4) -dependent immunoglobulin isotypes. Consistently, CTLA-4 blockade increased the frequency of Par j I-specific Th2 cells but not Th1 cells, as well as IL-4 and IL-5 but not interferon-γ production. Our data also showed that CTLA-4 blockade enhanced the GATA-3:T-bet messenger RNA ratio. Interestingly, in vivo CTLA-4 blockade did not increase the frequency of GATA-3 protein-expressing cells. In contrast, it enhances GATA-3 protein level per cell. Further, in vitro results show that the anti-CTLA-4 monoclonal antibody, by competing with CD80 for CTLA-4 binding, induced an enhancement in the frequency of IL-4-producing cells that correlates with the increase in GATA-3 protein level per cell. In conclusion, CTLA-4, by affecting the level of GATA-3 per cell, contributes to keeping this factor under the threshold required to become a Th2 effector cell. Consequently, it affects IgE/IgG2a production and contributes to the outcome of allergen-specific immune responses. © 2007 Blackwell Publishing Ltd.
All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes
Nasta, F., Corinti, S., Bonura, A., Colombo, P., Di Felice, G., & Pioli, C. (2007). CTLA-4 regulates allergen response by modulating GATA-3 protein level per cell. Immunology, 121(1), 62 - 70. https://doi.org/10.1111/j.1365-2567.2007.02537.x