Cytogenetic biomonitoring carried out in a village (Dolon) adjacent to the Semipalatinsk nuclear weapon test site

A. Testa, L. Stronati, R. Ranaldi, M. Spanò, F. Steinhäusler, M. Gastberger, A. Hubmer, L. Ptitskaya, M. Akhmetov

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Abstract

The Semipalatinsk region (Kazakhstan Republic) has been affected by extensive radioactive contamination due to more than 450 nuclear tests of which almost 100 were exploded in the atmosphere. The present results refer to cytogenetic assessments in a study cohort of the population of Dolon, a settlement located on the NE boundary of the nuclear weapon test site, which was exposed to elevated doses of ionising radiation primarily due to the first Soviet nuclear test in 1949. Conventional cytogenetic analyses were carried out on 21 blood samples from individuals (more than 50 years old) living in Dolon since the very beginning of nuclear testing. A matched control group included 20 individuals living in non-contaminated areas. Higher frequencies of chromosome aberrations were found in the Dolon cohort compared to the control group, even though they remain within the range of the background levels reported for large normal human population studies on elderly individuals.
Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)125 - 129
Number of pages5
JournalRadiation and Environmental Biophysics
Volume40
Issue number2
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 2001
Externally publishedYes

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All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes

  • Biophysics
  • Radiation
  • Environmental Science(all)

Cite this

Testa, A., Stronati, L., Ranaldi, R., Spanò, M., Steinhäusler, F., Gastberger, M., ... Akhmetov, M. (2001). Cytogenetic biomonitoring carried out in a village (Dolon) adjacent to the Semipalatinsk nuclear weapon test site. Radiation and Environmental Biophysics, 40(2), 125 - 129. https://doi.org/10.1007/s004110100095