Deposition of silicon nitride thin films by RF magnetron sputtering: A material and growth process study

M.A. Signore, A. Sytchkova, D. Dimaio, A. Cappello, A. Rizzo

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28 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

Silicon nitride (SiNx) thin films were deposited by RF magnetron sputtering at room temperature in (Ar + N2) atmosphere by tuning the reactive gas flux percentage in the mixture. The samples were analyzed by UV-Vis-NIR and Fourier transform infrared (FTIR) spectrophotometry and by SIMS (Secondary Ion Mass spectroscopy). The effects of the nitrogen content in the gas mixture on the growth process and on SiNxfilms optical and chemical properties were investigated. A qualitative description of the growth process, which analyzes the role of nitrogen dissociation or ionization in (Ar + N2) atmosphere for the sputtering of a silicon target, is the key factor to interpret the obtained results. It perfectly matches with the thin films physical response. Optical analysis supplied the optical constants (n and k) and optical bandgap values. They increase by rising nitrogen content in the mixture but their values are lower than that of Si3N4stoichiometric film. This has been attributed to the contaminant presence (oxygen and hydrogen) as well supported by SIMS and FTIR spectra. © 2011 Elsevier B.V. All rights reserved.
Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)632 - 638
Number of pages7
JournalOptical Materials
Volume34
Issue number4
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - Feb 2012

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All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes

  • Electronic, Optical and Magnetic Materials
  • Electrical and Electronic Engineering
  • Atomic and Molecular Physics, and Optics
  • Computer Science(all)

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