Design, performance, and grounding aspects of the International Thermonuclear Experimental Reactor ion cyclotron range of frequencies antenna

F. Durodié, P. Dumortier, M. Vrancken, A. Messiaen, R. Bamber, D. Hancock, S. Huygen, D. Lockley, F. Louche, R. Maggiora, D. Milanesio, M.P.S. Nightingale, M. Shannon, P. Tigwell, M. Van Schoor, M. Vervier, D. Wilson, K. Winkler

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

9 Citations (Scopus)


ITER's Ion Cyclotron Range of Frequencies (ICRF) system [Lamalle et al., Fusion Eng. Des. 88, 517-520 (2013)] comprises two antenna launchers designed by CYCLE (a consortium of European associations listed in the author affiliations above) on behalf of ITER Organisation (IO), each inserted as a Port Plug (PP) into one of ITER's Vacuum Vessel (VV) ports. Each launcher is an array of 4 toroidal by 6 poloidal RF current straps specified to couple up to 20MW in total to the plasma in the frequency range of 40 to 55 MHz but limited to a maximum system voltage of 45kV and limits on RF electric fields depending on their location and direction with respect to, respectively, the torus vacuum and the toroidal magnetic field. A crucial aspect of coupling ICRF power to plasmas is the knowledge of the plasma density profiles in the Scrape-Off Layer (SOL) and the location of the RF current straps with respect to the SOL. The launcher layout and details were optimized and its performance estimated for a worst case SOL provided by the IO. The paper summarizes the estimated performance obtained within the operational parameter space specified by IO. Aspects of the RF grounding of the whole antenna PP to the VV port and the effect of the voids between the PP and the Blanket Shielding Modules (BSM) surrounding the antenna front are discussed. These blanket modules, whose dimensions are of the order of the ICRF wavelengths, together with the clearance gaps between them will constitute a corrugated structure which will interact with the electromagnetic waves launched by ICRF antennas. The conditions in which the grooves constituted by the clearance gaps between the blanket modules can become resonant are studied. Simple analytical models and numerical simulations show that mushroom type structures (with larger gaps at the back than at the front) can bring down the resonance frequencies, which could lead to large voltages in the gaps between the blanket modules and perturb the RF properties of the antenna if they are in the ICRF operating range. The effect on the wave propagation along the wall structure, which is acting as a spatially periodic (toroidally and poloidally) corrugated structure, and hence constitutes a slow wave structure modifying the wall boundary condition, is examined. © 2014 AIP Publishing LLC.
Original languageEnglish
Article number061512
Pages (from-to)-
JournalPhysics of Plasmas
Issue number6
Publication statusPublished - 2014
Externally publishedYes


All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes

  • Condensed Matter Physics

Cite this

Durodié, F., Dumortier, P., Vrancken, M., Messiaen, A., Bamber, R., Hancock, D., Huygen, S., Lockley, D., Louche, F., Maggiora, R., Milanesio, D., Nightingale, M. P. S., Shannon, M., Tigwell, P., Van Schoor, M., Vervier, M., Wilson, D., & Winkler, K. (2014). Design, performance, and grounding aspects of the International Thermonuclear Experimental Reactor ion cyclotron range of frequencies antenna. Physics of Plasmas, 21(6), -. [061512].