Development and characterization of cube-textured Ni-Cu-Co substrates for YBCO-coated conductors

A. Vannozzi, Gy. Thalmaier, A. Angrisani Armenio, A. Augieri, V. Galluzzi, A. Mancini, A. Rufoloni, T. Petrisor, G. Celentano

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Ni-Cu-Co alloys were studied for the development of textured substrates for YBCO-coated conductor application. Three compositions were obtained by adding a fixed amount of 3 at.% Co to the binary NixCu100-x, where x = 40, 50 and 60. Cube texture was induced by conventional cold rolling followed by high-temperature annealing. The structural, microstructural, morphological, electrical, magnetic, mechanical and oxidation properties were evaluated and compared with those exhibited by the binary Ni-Cu alloy, as well as by Ni-W and pure Ni. A low Ni content is detrimental for the development of the cube texture with respect to higher concentrations. Nevertheless, the use of high annealing temperatures enabled an area fraction of cube orientation as high as 95% to be obtained for x = 40, and >97.5% in the case of Ni-richer alloys. Compared with Ni and Ni-W, Ni-Cu-Co alloys oxidize more easily and exhibit higher electrical resistance. In addition, the presence of copper enables the Curie temperature to be reduced to 60 K for x = 40 and to 155 K for x = 50. Furthermore, the introduction of cobalt reduces the oxidation rate at temperatures normally used for the deposition of ceramic buffer layers, thus allowing the successful development of a CeO2/YSZ/CeO2architecture on ternary Ni-Cu-Co alloy. YBCO/buffer multilayer architecture deposited by pulsed laser deposition on a selected alloy tape exhibits a critical current density exceeding 1 MA cm-2at 77 K in self-field, indicating that this alloy substrate is suitable for YBCO-coated conductor application. © 2009 Acta Materialia Inc.
Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)910 - 918
Number of pages9
JournalActa Materialia
Issue number3
Publication statusPublished - Feb 2010
Externally publishedYes


All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes

  • Electronic, Optical and Magnetic Materials
  • Ceramics and Composites
  • Polymers and Plastics
  • Metals and Alloys

Cite this

Vannozzi, A., Thalmaier, G., Armenio, A. A., Augieri, A., Galluzzi, V., Mancini, A., ... Celentano, G. (2010). Development and characterization of cube-textured Ni-Cu-Co substrates for YBCO-coated conductors. Acta Materialia, 58(3), 910 - 918.